Applications of electrospun nanofibers. The textile industry is one of the most important consumer goods industries. It produces textile materials for various uses such as clothing, household items (curtains, mats, rugs, sheets, kitchen towels, etc.) and technical textiles such as sports, medical, laboratory and filter materials.
- 1 Applications of electrospun nanofibers
- 2 Electrospinning applications
- 3 Electrospinning System
- 4 Electrospinning Scaffold
- 5 Electrospinning in tissue engineering
- 6 Electrospun nanofibers and their applications
- 7 Electrospun nanofibers for air filtration
- 8 Electrospinning Wound Dressing
- 9 Synthesis and applications of electrospun nanofibers
- 10 Electrospinning for tissue engineering scaffolds
- 11 Electrospun nanofibers for air filtration
Applications of electrospun nanofibers
The application of nanomaterials in the form of coatings and during curing can help develop smart properties such as antimicrobial, UV protection, and a non-toxic and water-repellent surface.
Smart fabric design has become a necessity today. Traditional methods of imparting special properties to textiles do not produce permanent results and are washable. Nanotechnology can offer durable solutions in the textile industry. Due to the large surface area and high surface energy of nanomaterials with small surface area, it can result in excellent texture and glossiness. There are several ways to introduce nanomaterials into textiles to achieve specific properties. Yarns, fibers and coatings play an important role in this process by adding nanomaterials during the process.
The nanofibers can be electronically spun into the fabric itself so that they do not come off during washing. Also, dyes are mixed with chemicals and sometimes applied to the surface of the fabric. The coating of nanomaterials on the surface of the fabric does not affect the air permeability of the fabric like traditional fabrics. The method is chosen depending on the type of nanomaterial used. The nano sensor fabric can detect all kinds of dangers to people who work in difficult places like mines. Biosensors can also be integrated into smart fabrics that can detect and possibly stop the growth of microorganisms.
In the apparel industry, nanotechnology has improved properties such as mechanical strength, colour, breathability, texture, and thermal conductivity (warm/cold). Nanosilver has been used extensively to impart antimicrobial properties to hosiery and underwear. This keeps dirt and odors away. Phase change materials are used for body warmers that adapt to changes in body temperature. It is warm in winter and cool in summer. Thanks to nanotechnology, dirt-resistant and wrinkle-free clothing has also been developed. Low-nano clothing can prevent potential infection in people working in hospitals and shopping malls. The healthcare industry has also explored the use of some nanomaterials that can be applied to dressings for rapid wound healing. Scientists are currently focusing on using flexible electronic circuits in fabrics used in surgical gloves or dressings to monitor vital signs such as a patient’s blood pressure and body temperature.
Sports Industry Balls, Aymod, the fabric used to make apparel, continues to evolve to provide smart solutions. In the defense industry, bulletproof vests have been developed that take advantage of the unique properties of carbon nanotubes. Several other nanomaterials are also being studied to enhance defense fabrics and military uniforms to survive harsh conditions.
Electrospinning in tissue engineering
First, I would like to explain the size of the nanofibers. First of all, think of a thin rope and you cut that rope a million times. What is the size of nanofibers?
Nanofibres are used in many areas today and usually increase the surface area.
Electrospun nanofibers and their applications
Nanofiber (Alm. Nanofaser, Fr. Fiber nanométrique, Nanofiber, İng. Nanofiber) is defined as a strand, nanofibers with a diameter of less than 100 nm, that can be produced by natural or interfacial polymerization and electrospinning processes, and is widely used in tissue engineering .
Electrospun nanofibers for air filtration
Fibers with a diameter of less than one micron, which can be used in many areas in the textile industry thanks to the porous and wide surface and the associated superior performance characteristics.
Electrospinning Wound Dressing
Nanofibres are fibers about a millimeter in size than a human hair, and the average diameter of the fibers is a nanometer (1 nanometer = 0.000000001 m). Ordinary textile fibers have a diameter of 10,000 nanometers or larger.
Synthesis and applications of electrospun nanofibers
Due to the small size of nanofibers, it is very difficult to see with the naked eye. Typical nanofibers are 10 nanometers or more in diameter. The smallest nanofibers produced today are 1.5 and 1.75 nanometers in size. In textiles, the specific surface area of a fiber is proportional to the diameter of the fiber.
Electrospinning for tissue engineering scaffolds
Nanoscale fibers have a specific surface area 1,000 times larger than small textile fibers. Nanofibres are defined as fibers with a diameter of less than 1 mm or 1000 nanometers.
Electrospun nanofibers for air filtration
One of the latest technologies developed for the production of these fibers is the electrospinning process (electro spinning or electrospinning). Electrospinning is the most efficient and simplest method for producing polymer-based nanofibers. Electrospinning is the most widely used method for producing nanofibers. In addition, it is possible to produce nanofibers through special spinning processes and gas vapor cultivation processes. Application areas of nanofibers include areas such as filtration applications, automotive fabrics, medical fabrics, battery separators, wound dressings, outdoor coatings, and breathable membrane coating applications.